Cultural Village Tours

As we continue to look at community based tourism projects. This week, we explore where to go, how to go, what to do and how to do it!

Kitchen area – traditionally this is where greetings are done. Men sit on the benches and women sit on the floor on reed mats (rukukwe)

Where to go?

The buzz this week has been the opening up of National Parks and Victoria Falls. Even though travel for most is still quite restrictive, the excitement is in the knowledge that life has begun elsewhere and finally the lock-down and all its restrictions may be coming to an end. Victoria Falls is the destination of choice for many and as it is one of the first places to open up in this season of COVID19, we will start with some examples from there.  Knowing about Community Based Tourism is one thing, it’s also important to know where this is being practiced so that the eco-tourism initiatives can be supported.

How to go?

The how I am referring to here is not travel by rail, road or air – all of which will get you to Victoria Falls. The how referred to here is the things you should be aware of when visiting communities. How to behave, how to respond and how to participate. Respect goes without saying. To participate in community based tourism the locals are allowing you to enter into their personal space. It’s important to go prepared to learn and share experiences.

In the more organised visits a guide will be there to help with language barriers and they will inform on what should or should not be done as well as the types of tokens of appreciation that can be carried to the village. It’s important to remember that it’s a cultural exchange. Having more or less of something than the community does not make one more or less than the community.

It is also important to know what the community is like beforehand. In Victoria Falls for example, the villages are mostly Nambya villages. Going in knowing their value systems will help develop a better relationship and understanding. In certain communities, in different parts of the world, there may be certain things that are not permissible such as dress codes be it wearing trousers, wearing short dresses or skirts or not having head gears. So background information on the community will make the visit more meaningful. Most, however, are understanding and accepting as they understand how diverse and sometimes ignorant tourists can be.

What to do?

Cultural Village Tours  

Victoria Falls is without a doubt the most popular destination in Zimbabwe. It is one of the seven natural wonders of the world; the falls are the largest waterfalls in the world and one of the top UNESCO sites.

Victoria Falls Zimbabwe

There are quite a number of activities one can do in Victoria Falls and one of the activities offered by a number of organisations but rarely taken up are Cultural Village Tours. Mrs Trish Mambinge General Manager Sales and Marketing of Shearwater says there has been a growing interest in village tours as they offer an authentic tourism visit. Villages are about 12km out of the main town and a full tour takes about 2 hours.

Organisations that do village tours have a number of villages that they set aside and visit with tourists on a rotational basis. When being visited, the villages are not pre-warned as the idea is to find everything in its natural state.

This adds excitement to the visit as tourists find the villagers in their daily routine be it gardening, herding their livestock or cooking and they get to participate and learn about whatever activity they would be doing. The Headman or senior person then takes them around the village and tells them about their way of life their daily routines and history of the place.

Mrs Mambinge says that these tours really help the villagers. Tourists are encouraged to bring something to give as a donation to the villages to help with their upkeep. During the school term, a visit is also made to the nearby schools and sometimes tourists sponsor educational goods as well. She also said that as an organisation, 10% of the income made from the tour is given back to the village. The villagers get the proceeds in cash which they share equally or they ask the organisation to embark on a project on their behalf. Boreholes have been dug and various projects such as poultry and other agricultural projects have been started from the money made from village tours.

The communities are taught not to rely overly on tourism but engage in these community projects. The projects not only become a source of livelihood, but also serve as an attraction for the tourists. Successful community projects end up supplying farmed products back to the organisations.

How to do it

Having this knowledge in mind helps to prepare for a visit. Money or goods can be set aside to exchange with souvenirs that would have been made by the community. Sometimes you may also be able to buy food stuffs from the community, if they are fishermen, there may be some fish or wild fruit like baobab fruit, amacimbi (Mopane worms) all depending on the area or region visited.  

Cooked Mopane worms
Baobab Fruit

Currently, these activities have been popular with international visitors only. Domestic travellers have got a lot to gain from village tours and unlike international tourists, they can make time for the visits. Part of the reasons the tours have not been popular has got to do with time constraints. Domestic tourists can make the time to visit as a day excursion or weekend break. These tours are culturally enriching particularly for younger travellers who have grown up in urban environments. Try spending not just a day, but a night as well with the communities for a truly, full authentic cultural experience.

Cecil John Rhodes Ndebele Cultural Village

This is a great stopover if you are driving to Victoria Falls, particularly now as flights are not operational. The Cecil John Rhodes Cultural Village is about 4km from Matobo National Park and was founded by David Mhabinyane Ngwenya in 1992. The village is supported by CAMPFIRE through the Rural District Council of Matopos.

David Mhabinyane Ngwenya – Founder of the Cecil John Rhodes Ndebele Cultural Village

Some of the structures there are amaqhugwana (huts made out of grass) and when you are there, Baba Ngwenya will explain how and why he had to seek permission from the Chief to be allowed to build the village and to use the name Cecil John Rhodes for a Ndebele Village. He also explains traditional rituals that were done such as dragging a branch across the space the hut was to be built and their meanings.


When you get to the village, entry into the village and tours and site seeing are all free. One can go trekking or see the numerous rock paintings within the area. You can also spend the night at the village, the largest group hosted there was a group of 44 Europeans. When spending a night you are hosted by the villagers in their homes. The charge for spending the night is as little as $10 a night for a full traditional Ndebele experience including all meals. Once in the village you can buy traditional baskets and wood carvings and beads made by the villagers.

Traditional dancers dancing to Amabhiza (A form of traditional dance).

Baba Ngwenya is a well of wisdom and much can be learnt from him. The Cecil John Rhodes Ndebele Cultural Village is a definite must visit if your travel interests involve cultural and historical aspects.

Happy Travelling!


5 reasons you should participate in Community Based Tourism

Tourism is about people. Community Based Tourism, like its name implies is when local people within a destination are consulted in tourism development and then given an opportunity to showcase what they have and gain income whilst doing so. Not only does this build the local economy within that destination, it is also a major booster to sustainability and could become the backbone to community pride, if well managed.

Here are five top reasons why Community Based Tourism is important:

  1. The community takes ownership of the tourism within their areas. Jobs are generated in various roles. This not only provides income for the community but creates a great sense of pride within the community. Jobs can vary from tour guides, hosts, transporters and craft producers. The list of jobs is endless. When I travel, some of my best stories and laughs have been shared with taxi drivers. They have often been my first point of contact and they will tell you the best places to eat, to shop, to stay and so forth because they know the area well.
Crafts man selling souvenirs during a homestead visit
  1. The local community help increase awareness about the community and their way of life. Recently I wrote about Zimbabwe and its culture, each area in Zimbabwe has a unique cultural footprint and the local people will be able to share the rich history and culture of an area. What is fascinating about Zimbabwe, much like any other destination elsewhere, is that every name has a story behind it. Places such as Dzivarasekwa, Karoi, and Bulawayo have rich, deep history waiting to be explored and the story is best told by the local community.
Karoi is Shona for small witch.
  1. Community Based Tourism provides a win-win solution. The tourists can gain a truly authentic experience whilst the community’s standards of living are raised. For example, much of the traditional dancing we see when we visit resorts is staged, however, through community based tourism, visitors can get a ‘behind the scenes’ experience of why the dance, for example is being done, when it is performed and the meaning behind it all. All of this adds to a rich cultural tourism experience and a preservation of culture by the locals.
The original Mbende Traditional Dancers
  1. Through Community Based Tourism sustainability can be achieved. This type of tourism means that the local community will be educated on how to be ‘good’ hosts and the benefits of such. In addition to that, the local community also learn how to take care of their environment and preserve what they own. In this way, environmental protection and cultural conservation are all preserved. The local people are the best ‘Tourism Ambassadors’. With understanding, they will appreciate why it is important to take care of their visitors and they will also directly reap the benefits of doing so.
Cultural Exchange at Homestead visit.
  1. There are many communities that have gone unrecognised and Community Based Tourism brings in that attention and recognition to the local community. Backyard Tourism can bring these communities to the fore so that they can showcase what they have. There are so many undiscovered and unexplored places. The local people know these places and are able to make them meaningful. An example is Tsindi Ruins. Very few people are aware that just off the Harare –Mutare highway in Marondera, is the Tsindi Ruins. It’s first occupation is believed to have been in the 13th century – occupied by the Nhowe people under Chief Mangwende. Tsindi Ruins is similar in structure to Great Zimbabwe and is a miniature size of the monument.
Tsindi Ruins Marondera
Tsindi Ruins Marondera

Let us embark on our domestic tourism journey with these points in mind. As I said at the beginning, tourism is about the people, both the people who experience it and the people who create the experience.

Happy Travelling!